International Independent Recognized Sovereign Neutral Nation and State
The Southern Cherokee Nation and The Red Fire People
(The State of SCNRFP)
Lower Cherokee, Tsigamogi, and Chickamauga Cherokee
"Ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country.” JFK
See Attached Important Documents and Notices At The Bottom Of Web Pages.
Web Pages Listed Above In The Green Bar
The Southern Cherokee Nation and The Red Fire People (The State of SCNRFP),
International Independent Recognized Sovereign Neutral Nation and State
Lower Cherokee, Tsigamogi, and Chickamauga Cherokee
"We Have Remained and Not Yet Conquered"
The Creator provided us this homeland. This is our promise land from the Great Spirit. This is our holy land from the Creator. We have remained in our homeland even after what some call the "Trail of Tears" as the Lower Cherokee. We have remained through much great pain, suffering and death. We have not surrender and we shall not surrender.
We are the Lower Cherokee Peoples also known as the Chickamauga Cherokee (Chicomogie), Tsigamogi, Cherokee, Mountain Cherokee, Nation De Cherokee, First Peoples, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Native Peoples, Autochthonous Peoples, Native American Indians, and Other Documented Names Otherwise Related. Mostly the names we have been called are European Corruptions of our name and culture, and many times the name was simply related to our geographical location.
We as a people, a culture, a belief system, a nation, a state, a government, and our way of life has and continues to be an evolution since time immemorial.
We are the descendants of those prior the Cherokee, we were assimilated into Cherokee and then became a separate Cherokee Nation. As Red Fire People we already had a well-established law, the law that we remain with today, the Ancient Axe of Authority under the Ancient Order of the Priesthood.
We have been here since time immemorial. Our traditional laws that we go by today go back 3700 years ago and it was thought to be lost with the genocide of our priests, however not all the priest were murdered and many of the people who were of the practice of the keepers of the sacred fire, the Red Fire, the eldest fire, the predominant fire, the Ancient Axe of Authority continued to pass down the teachings to today.
Thus, we are the Ancient Order of the AniKutani (Priesthood);
We are the Keepers of the Sacred Fire, the Red Fire, the Eldest Fire, and the Predominant Fire;
We are known as the People of the Heart.
Our Mission with others and for ourselves: Peace and Good Will through Economic Development, Social Needs, Technologies, Funding and Otherwise Related.
We have not surrendered. We have chosen to remain free. We have chosen not to become part of their U.S. BIA or any of their 50 U.S. domestic corporate states, but rather have remained in our homeland independent. We have chosen to be a recognized international independent sovereign Nation and State. We remain relations with those who fought well yet are now under the BIA by force. Our nation has accepted many member citizens as dual citizens, for they are also enrolled members in a BIA chartered nation or a member in a state recognized domestic state nation, while most of our member citizens have chosen to remain a free and sovereign member citizen within our homeland against all odds and under the worst of conditions.
The Southern Cherokee Nation and the Red Fire People together with the Ancient Order of the Priesthood still remained during and after the "Trail of Tears" within their treaty boundary lands (not trust lands), some refer to it geographically as Northern Georgia Mountains area. The State of SCNRFP has multiple jurisdictions domestically and foreign to include treaty boundary land, post aboriginal title land, enclave, and foreign territorial lands and foreign diplomatic locations.
The Southern Cherokee Nation and The Red Fire People remain with a number of treaties signed within the past 500 years with a number of Colonial Nations, such as Spain, England, France, U.S. The nation is now also referred to as also the State of SCNRFP, after becoming further Recognized as an International Independent Neutral Nation and State with our ministry of foreign affairs expanding our recognition and international agreements by multiple international countries globally in most recent years.
These treaties began being signed first as being part of the Principal Nation, once referred to as an Empire by General Cummings and made a regent by England, and later becoming a separate nation, referred to as the Lower Cherokee, Chickamauga Cherokee, Tsigamogi, thus the referred to as the State of SCNRFP with international agreements continuing to be signed globally with member nations of the UN. International agreement is filed and published in the UN under article 102 of the UN charter.
The Sovereign Nation of Southern Cherokee Nation and The Red Fire People (and other related names whereby known as historically), has always been a sovereign independent nation. It is important to note, the nation of the Southern Cherokee Nation and The Red Fire People (and other related names whereby known as historically), has never surrendered to become part of the United States Union. The recognized sovereign treaty nation of SCNRFP remained and continued as a Sovereign Treaty Nation. Treaties—solemn agreements between sovereign nations—lie at the heart of the relationship between Indian Nations and the United States. Native Nations made treaties with one another long before Europeans came to the Western Hemisphere. The United States began making treaties with Native Peoples because they were independent nations. Often broken, sometimes coerced, treaties still define mutual obligations between the United States and Indian Nations.
We have been recognized as a Tribal Nation and Government, a Regent, a Foreign Nation and Government, a Treaty Nation, a Religious Nation and State, and today as an International Independent Recognized Sovereign Neutral Nation and State, whereby we are still a religious state or whereby we have no separation of our religion and state.
Therefore, the Independent Sovereign of SCNRFP and Treaty Nation did "NOT" Secede from the U.S. in becoming an International Independent Recognized Sovereign Nation and State. SCNRRFP was already Recognized Independent Nation, that simply became also a Recognized Independent Neutral State with international agreements globally. State of SCNRFP have citizens in every corner of the world.
The Ancient Order of the Priesthood and National Council agreed with the vision of the SCNRFP to again come out into the open, that for many years were a suppressed people, nation, government and religion, having to maintain underground to protect their religious, traditional, heritage and cultural way of life, and their very existence.
The State of SCNRFP borders are coextensive with the Ancient Order of the Priesthood, the Religious Seat of the Traditional Place of Worship which holds our Sacred Bundles and the Ark of The Ancient Axe of Authority and its Traditional Ceremony. The Heads of State are the AniKutani (Priesthood) the Heads of Government are the Chiefdom and Prime Minister of State of SCNRFP (sometimes referred to as the President of State of SCNRRP), a Deity is above the head of both our State and Government. Thus, the Ancient Axe of Authority and the State Seal are both on the State of SCNRFP Official Flag as coextensive. State of SCNRFP is recognized via Treaties and International Agreements, by Member Nation States of the United Nations (U.N.), Tribal Nations, Sister Cities, World Governors Association, NNIA Convention, Religious or Theocracy Governments, Ecclesiastical Governments State Ruled Religion Governments, and Otherwise Globally. Much of our culture is known for being an Oral, Pictographs and Petroglyphs (for art as literature, stories, direction and otherwise), Wampum are encoded guide to narrate these mnemonic devices are used for laws and legal documents, historical communicative devices, ceremony, traditions, and gifts as a sign of peace (Wampum beads are powerful symbols of our culture, was also used as a currency), however we also began early writings.
There is no separation between Church and State (as it is commonly referred), within the State of SCNRFP. Within the State of SCNRFP's culture, traditions and beliefs, is there is no separation between our lives, all we think, say and do, and that of the Creator. The State of SCNRFP Individually and Collectively are Coextensive with the Creator and The Ancient Axe of Authority.
Our Nation’s Ancient Order of the Priesthood was almost totally destroyed in about thirteen hundred, however not all were and followers of the belief system of the priesthood continued to exist. For understanding purposes, it would be like attempting to kill all the priest of any religious, however unless you also kill all the followers, it shall still exist and remain, but was forced underground much like you find in other religion’s historically. Today, we are known as the people of the heart for our caring and mission for peace and good will globally.
Many of the religions of the world have been forced underground throughout history. Our Priesthood Order is not listed in the top 20 largest, however Our Way of Life very well could be.
Are there more human religions or more human languages in the world?
Languages. There are some 4,300 religions of the world compared with 6,800 living languages spoken somewhere in the world.
We had a second attempt to kill off not only our Ancient Order but also our entire nation and all our peoples, thus the arrival of those representing the doctrine of discovery beginning actually in 1492:
We Shall Not Forget:
04 May 1493:
i-ga (ᎢᎦ) nu-wa-hna-nv (ᏄᏩᎿᏅ) u-so-nv-i (ᎤᏐᏅᎢ) di-da-nv-do (ᏗᏓᏅᏙ)
Meaning: Day Possessed Evil Spirits
However, “We Still Remain”
State of SCNRFP is an internationally independently recognized sovereign nation and state, whereby we are completely recognized by sovereign member states of the United Nations globally for 500 years and as recent as of in 2018, and whereby we are recognized by tribal nations globally. We have chosen for our lands to remain sovereign boundaries, and as is described within the treaties between our sovereign nation and the United States, and we have chosen to not become encumbered by the BIA to become trust land.
The State of SCNRFP qualifies for Statehood under International Law and otherwise, in Constitutive theory and Declarative theory and Montevideo Convention and otherwise. The State of SCNRFP does meet the requirements to apply to the United Nations (U.N.) to become a Member State of the U.N. However, the State of SCNRFP is "NOT" interested in becoming a permanent member state of the U.N. with voting power. Rather, the State of SCNRFP may consider applying for becoming an Observer State Status with no voting power, to remain truly Neutral. In the same way that the Vatican City and others have done so in the past. Important: five members were not sovereign when they joined the UN, all subsequently became fully independent between 1946 and 1991.
State of SCNRFP Sovereign Land Protected: Treaty Boundary, Enclave, International Agreements, Section 49 Geneva Convention, Charter 2 UN, Human Rights Land Laws, Religious Freedom and otherwise. Our Main Mission is Saving Lives, Making Lives Better, Economic Development, Social Needs, Humanitarian Needs, Technologies, Human Rights, Peace and Good Will. All We Are Doing is From a Vision of the Creator.
The Capital is within 8.9 million acres treaty boundary land, and is known as Little Chota, Town of Peace, Located in Sautee Nacoochee. However, the treaty boundary incompasses many communities, towns, cities, counties and much of the entire state of Georgia and parts of surrounding states in America, as a sovereign enclave.
We are an evolution since time immemorial of Peoples, Governments and Nations
But first we believe the following statement of official fact is important.
As not to see those mislead by those who are not in the official position of authority to properly advise, the following statement is being provided in order to properly correct the incorrect reporting and information by unofficial sources:
One huge misnomer and misknown is the fact that many have read the propaganda put out to the world as facts, but it is rather unofficial and not by credible sources.
The actual fact is that a ratified treaty is a recognition by international law and anyone who has been in the capacity of an international state knows this, and the BIA cannot officially dispute this fact.
The fact is any nation under the U.S. BIA is a dependent tribal nation and is not a sovereign independent, due to the fact they have surrendered their independence to another government and receive funds not as international aid. Another reason the SCNRFP Lower Cherokee chose not to become part of this BIA, but rather remain with our ratified treaty by the U.S., recognized under international law.
Many of the tribal nations in the U.S. have surrendered to the U.S. either by force or by will, by which they have a special relationship with the U.S., however are very restricted to many of the normal functions of that of an International nation and state. A tribal nation in 2018 surrenders to the BIA by choice to become a dependent nation, however this is not a requirement to be recognized by the U.S. or any other International state.
Some would like one to believe that the BIA is the only form of recognition by the U.S. and this is just not true. It is not the only form of recognition by the U.S. as some misinformed believe and instruct others with this false information as unofficial fact, when in fact, once again, a ratified treaty is recognition, and it the case with the Southern Cherokee Nation and The Red Fire People, State of SCNRFP, also known as the Tsigamogi, Chickamauga Cherokee, Lower Cherokee and otherwise known. For the State of SCNRFP chose not to surrender to the U.S. and chose not a member of the BIA so as not become a dependent nation, however the State of SCNRFP is properly recognized by ratified treaties and international agreements.
Incorrect information will lead you to believe that there are only three recognized Cherokee Tribal Nations, and this is not fact, for there is only three that are recognized under the BIA, however there is another due to ratified treaties and international agreements, thus being that of the State of SCNRFP, Southern Cherokee Nation and The Red Fire People as they are known today, as known as the Lower Cherokee, Chickamauga Cherokee, Tsigamogi and otherwise known.
Further, the State of SCNRFP is not incorporated within any government and is not a 501 (C) 3 or otherwise.
However, as a real government we are like any other government of which is as a government a non-profit, but within our own right and jurisdiction and venue.
Many nations had no choice but to surrender by force and there is no shame in fighting a good fight.
Many other nations who continue to surrender today, however it is not by force, but rather circumstance.
The State of SCNRFP chose the path to survive and thrive in another way. To provide our own economic development, social needs and otherwise for our nation, without applying for any assistance as a domestic dependent. We have never received any money from the U.S. as a domestic dependent. We have never applied for any grants. We have never sought BIA recognition, but rather stand on who we are, our ratified treaties and our approved international agreements under international law, and through great suffering we have remained in our homeland. We have risen out of the ashes to a new bright day and are now helping other nations for the same globally, in a good way.
After becoming known as the Cherokee in various spellings.
The entire Cherokees were referred to as the Cherokee Empire by Gen. Cummings of England.
The Principal Nation known as the Overhill/Upper Cherokee in Chota, was located in what is called Tennessee today.
Thereafter, moved to what is called Georgia today and became the Cherokee Nation in New Echota. Members of the New Echota Cherokee Nation signed the 1835 Treaty of New Echota (a false treaty) which caused the "Trail of Tears" for Cherokee.
On March of 1906 the Cherokee Nation government in Oklahoma was ceased by the Curtis Act.
The Curtis Act of 1898 was an amendment to the United States Dawes Act; it resulted in the break-up of tribal governments and communal lands in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma).
Basically, from 1907 until 1933, there was no official Cherokee Nation Government in Oklahoma, only the chartered Keetoowah Society in Oklahoma.
Today they are a government under the U.S. BIA/DOI by the name they have chosen as the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma.
Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma is a U.S. BIA Recognized Tribal Nation. A Reservation with Trust Land under the U.S. Department of Interior and annexed Tribal Land under the tribal nation.
The Middle Cherokee became separate nation of that of the Principal Cherokee Nation with the removal of the principal tribal nation, a number of the Middle Cherokee we allowed to remain during and after the "Trail of Tears", which became known today by the name they have chosen as the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indian. Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is a U.S. BIA Recognized Nation. A Reservation with Trust Land under the U.S. Department of Interior and annexed tribal land under the tribal nation.
The Lower Cherokee became officially a separate nation of that of the Principal Cherokee Nation since the 1700s and with the letter between President Thomas Jefferson and the Overhill. During the "Trail of Tears" a number of Lower Cherokee desired to remain in their homeland, therefore hid out, married whites and found many other ways to stay regardless. They had no signed the 1835 Treaty of New Echota as the separate nation they had become, therefore were not obligated to the treaty. The Southern Cherokee Nation and The Red Fire People, State of SCNRFP are descendants of the Lower Cherokee, also known as the Chickamauga Cherokee and Tsigamogi.
The Southern Cherokee Nation and The Red Fire People chose not to be a member of the U.S. BIA. Is not a Reservation with Trust Land as those listed above, but rather maintained our Treaty Boundary Land that is not under the U.S. Department of Interior, not under the BIA, and Aboriginal Lands that are completely sovereign and not under any other government in any way, but rather a Recognized International Independent Neutral Nation and State.
The first U.S. treaties were filed with the U.S. War Department, later the U.S. moved all to the U.S. Department of Interior. We chose to remain to be Recognized as a Treaty Nation with the U.S. with ratified treaties and received international recognition with U.N. Nations Globally, as the State of SCNRFP.
Another group is the Old Settlers being members mostly made up from the Lower Cherokee and other nations. These members moved and settled in what was to become known today as Oklahoma, which became known today as the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians. United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians is a U.S. BIA Recognized Nation. A Reservation with Trust Land under the U.S. Department of Interior and tribal land under the tribal nation.
A number of other Lower Cherokee, Chickamauga Cherokee, Tsigamogi (as it has been historically and remains the same today) remained during and after the "Trail of Tears" to continue their way of life, their governments and nations. This was preceded and followed by more known evolution of our peoples to include splinter governments, assimilations and expansions, which is well-known in our culture and has occurred since time immemorial.
The chosen name today, The Southern Cherokee Nation and the Red Fire People together with the Ancient Order of the Priesthood still remained during and after the "Trail of Tears" within their treaty boundary lands (not trust lands), some refer to it geographically as Northern Georgia area of America as an enclave. The nation is now also referred to as the State of SCNRFP, after becoming further Recognized as an International Independent Neutral Nation and State with recognition and international agreements by multiple countries internationally in 2017 and 2018 and continuing to do the same year after year that follows. Southern Cherokee Nation and The Red Fire People remain with a number of treaties signed within the past 500 years with a number of Colonial Nations, such as Spain, England, France, U.S.
These treaties began being signed first as being part of the Principal Nation, and later officially becoming a separate nation of known as the Lower Cherokee, as the Chickamauga Cherokee, and as the Tsigamogi and today as the State of SCNRFP. It is important to note that not all the treaties signed with a Cherokee Nation are signed with also by the Lower Cherokee, Chickamauga Cherokee, Tsigamogi, only those while part of the principal nation apply to us and any treaties or international agreements
Therefore, we are not bound by any treaty we did not sign to include, but not limited to the New Echota Treaty of 1835, but rather signed by the False Treaty Party by some of the Cherokee Nation of New Echota citizens not empowered to sign and not by the majority which was required legally by the Cherokee Nation.
Further, we are not bound to any treaties that have now been officially dissolved, treaties that were made by Fraud, Deception, Manipulation, Trickery, Coercion, Force and otherwise related, to include, but not limited to the treaties that illegally impeded or diminished the Sovereignty of our Nation. All other treaties remain and have not be dissolved by the State of SCNRFP.
There are other Lower Cherokee, Chickamauga Cherokee, Tsigamogi nations within known geographically areas of America today, by the names they have chosen.
Besides Overhill/Upper, Middle and Lower Cherokee, there are also the Cherokee known as the Valley and Outer Cherokee, by which has chosen other names today by which they are known. Known to be part of the Principal Cherokee Nation until 1906 at which time they became independent of the principal nation due to the Cherokee Nation government in Oklahoma being ceased by the Curtis Act, along with any Outer and Valley that may have claimed their independence prior.
The Capital is known as Little Chota of the Lower Cherokee, thus The City of Peace.
Chief Dragging Canoe
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See attachments and links on each of the other website pages....
Other Important Documents Below:
State of SCNRFP, International Independent Recognized Sovereign Neutral Nation and State
POPE PAUL III ISSUES A DECREE, “SUBLIMUS DEUS,” THE SAID INDIANS AND ALL OTHER PEOPLE WHO MAY LATER BE DISCOVERED BY CHRISTIANS, ARE BY NO MEANS TO BE DEPRIVED OF THEIR LIBERTY OR THE POSSESSION OF THEIR PROPERTY
Christopher Columbus Never Set Foot in North America
A Few Case References:
County of Oneida v. Oneida Indian Nation of New York State
Passamaquoddy - Penobscot
South Carolina v. Catawba Indian Tribe, Inc.
Worcester v. Georgia (1832) In September 1831, Samuel A. Worcester and non-Native missionaries, were indicted in the Georgia supreme court for "residing within the limits of the Cherokee nation without a license" and "without having taken the oath to support and defend the constitution and laws of the state of Georgia." Worcester argued that the state action violated the Constitution, treaties between the United States and the Cherokee nation, and the Indian Trade and IntercourseAct of 1790. When the U.S. Supreme Court heard the case on appeal it addressed the question of whether the state of Georgia had the authority to regulate theintercourse between citizens of its state and members of the Cherokee Nation. The Court held that Georgia had violated the Constitution, treaties, and laws of the United States, arguing that the Cherokee Nation, then, is a distinct community occupying its own territory in which the laws of Georgia can have no force. The whole intercourse between the United States and this nation, is, by our constitution and laws, vested in the government of the United States.
The Georgia act thus interfered with the federal government's authority and was unconstitutional. The Court further stated that Indian people were under the protection (Ally) of the federal government.
Just because the state of Georgia encroached into treaty boundary land, creates a dispute, not a fact of proper jurisdiction whereby the land encroached there are treaties that still exist into the sovereign tribal government boundaries.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Johnson v. M'Intosh
Worcester v. Georgia
All Legal Reviews Globally claim that the 1835 Treaty of New Echota is a Fraud, in addition that the Lower Cherokee Nation, Chickamauga Cherokee (Chicomogie), Tsigamogi was and still remains a separate nation at the time when some Overhill/Upper un-authorized Citizens signed the treaty. The Lower Cherokee, Chickamauga Cherokee (Chicomogie), Tsigamogi did not sign 1835 Treaty, nor authority any other entity to sign. We remain today within our treaty boundaries.
Today in Georgia History
Letter from Chief John Ross
Letter from Chief William Thomas
Letter of Thomas Jefferson to Cherokee Deputies, January 9, 1809
However, we have large numbers of records from U.S. Indian Agent Records that will show that the U.S. Indian Agent has wrongfully all Cherokee Nations as one nation even after separation of the nations.
War Department Records, U.S. Indian Agent Records, U.S. Congress Records, documentation from the Overhill/Upper Cherokee stating the official separation of the nations and otherwise related.
Reserved Rights Doctrine
Native American Rights. ... In general, these rights are based on the legal foundations of tribal sovereignty, treaty provisions, and the "reserved rights" doctrine, which holds that Native Americans retain all rights not explicitly abrogated in treaties or other legislation.
Treaties are Supreme Law of the land (U.S. Constitution Article 6)
This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any ...
No possessory ownership or other interest in property owned by the sovereign can be acquired by adverse possession
President Jackson violated laws, treaties, and Supreme Court orders in his dealings with Native Americans
George "Corn" Tassel
Talton v. Mayes, 163 U.S. 376 (1898)
Note: SCNRFP Nation, State and Citizens are Protected By & Hereby "Invoke" Individually & Collectively: The Creator, Ancient Axe of Authority (including laws & regulations adopted with the regularity of the governance of the State of SCNRFP), Ancient Order of the AniKutani (Priesthood), Chiefdom, Sovereignty, No possessory ownership or other interest in property owned by the sovereign can be acquired by adverse possession, signing a bilateral treaty subject to ratification implies recognition, Treaties, International Agreements, Treaty Boundaries, Enclaves & Exclaves, Self-Determination, ID, Passport, 31 U.S. 6 Pet. 515 515 (1832), 30 U.S. 5 Pet. 1 1 (1831), 21 U.S. 543, 5 L. Ed. 681, 1823 .S. 8 Wheat. 543, 25 USC Sec 1721 et seq., 450 U.S.544 (1981), 528 F.2d 370 (1st Cir. 1975), Non-Intercourse Act, Reserved Rights Doctrine, Act of 1993, 252 U.S. 416 (1920), Pub. L. No. 103-141, 107 Stat. 1488 42 U.S. Code § 2000bb, RLUIPA Pub.L. 106–274, codified as 42 U.S.C. § 2000cc et seq., (Pub.L. 87–195, 75 Stat. 424-2, enacted September 4, 1961, 22 U.S.C. § 2151 et seq.), 22 U.S.C. 2301 et seq., (Pub.L. 83–280, August 15, 1953, codified as 18 U.S.C. § 1162, 28 U.S.C. § 1360, & 25 U.S.C. §§ 1321–1326), (RNS) 22 U.S. Code Chapter 73, Act of 1998 (Public Law 105–292, as amended by Public Law 106–55, Public Law 106–113, Public Law 107–228, Public Law 108–332, & Public Law 108–458), RFRA Act of 1993, Pub. L. No. 103-141, 107 Stat. 1488, codified at 42 U.S.C. § 2000bb through 42 U.S.C. § 2000bb-4, Geneva Convention, Geneva (Section 49), (VCLT, Art. 22(3), Articles 46–53), United Nations, ICJ, Aboriginal Title, Vienna Convention, Hague Convention, (International, VCLT, Customary, Inherent, Natural, Hereditary, First, Statute, Cultural, Traditional, Religious, Human Rights, Religious Freedom, Devine Laws), Acts of U.S. Congress, U.S. Constitution, U.S. Bill of Rights, U.S. Articles of Confederation, SCNRFP Court & Laws, Ancient Axe of Authority, , 42 US Code, U.N. Charter, U.N. Charter XVI Article 102, UDHR 1948 U.N. GA Resolution 217, U.N. 217 A (III) A/RES/3/2017 A, U.N. IBHR OHCHR, U.N. ICESCR, U.N. UDSR, U.N. ICCPR, Courts of Justice Globally, Constitutive Theory, Declarative Theory of Statehood, Separate Nation, Self-Determination, Montevideo Convention, Protecting the Civil Rights of American Indians & Alaska Natives, AIRFA The Act (42 USC 1996) Public Law No. 95-341, 92 Stat. 469, Hatch Act of 1939 & otherwise, ICRA 1968, 1785, 198 U.S. 371 (1905), 391 U.S. 404 (1968), 315 U.S. 681 (62 S.Ct. 862, 86 L.Ed. 1115), 384 F. Supp. 312; 1974 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 12291, Winters v. U.S., to include Treaty of 1730 England, Treaty of Pensacola 1784 Spain, Treaty of Hopewell U.S.A., Jay Treaty 1794, U.S. Code: Title 25 – Indians, 25 U.S. Code Chapter 32., U.S. HCA, et seq. otherwise, Only As It May Apply & Acceptable to The State of SCNRFP
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"We are not yet conquered"
In 1775, Dragging Canoe made an impassioned speech to rally his people. He said:
Whole Indian Nations have melted away like snowballs in the sun before the white man's advance. They leave scarcely a name of our people except those wrongly recorded by their destroyers. Where are the Delewares? They have been reduced to a mere shadow of their former greatness. We had hoped that the white men would not be willing to travel beyond the mountains. Now that hope is gone. They have passed the mountains, and have settled upon Tsalagi (Cherokee) land. They wish to have that usurpation sanctioned by treaty. When that is gained, the same encroaching spirit will lead them upon other land of the Tsalagi (Cherokees). New cessions will be asked. Finally the whole country, which the Tsalagi (Cherokees) and their fathers have so long occupied, will be demanded, and the remnant of the Ani Yvwiya, The Real People, once so great and formidable, will be compelled to seek refuge in some distant wilderness. There they will be permitted to stay only a short while, until they again behold the advancing banners of the same greedy host. Not being able to point out any further retreat for the miserable Tsalagi (Cherokees), the extinction of the whole race will be proclaimed. Should we not therefore run all risks, and incur all consequences, rather than to submit to further loss of our country? Such treaties may be alright for men who are too old to hunt or fight. As for me, I have my young warriors about me. We will hold our land. A-WANINSKI, I have spoken."
Dragging Canoe's speech had such a strong influence on the chiefs that they closed the Treaty Council without more talk. Yet, the white men prepared another huge feast with rum and were able to persuade the Cherokee Chiefs to sit in another Treaty Council for further discussion of land sale. The land being sought was the primary hunting lands of the Cherokee.
1777 DRAGGING CANOE Breaks from the CHEROKEES Again in 1777, the older chiefs ceded more land as peace overtures. Thoroughly disgusted, Dragging Canoe and his followers strongly opposed the Indian land sales. Meanwhile his followers grew in numbers and bitterly attempted to resist the continuous influx of colonial settlements all along the new “Tennessee” frontiers. Dragging Canoe refused to be a part to any more treaties and land cessions. He would fight for his people’s birthright and heritage. There would be no more new settlers encroaching on Indian lands! His father, Attakullakulla, and the older chiefs, Oconostota, Willanaugh, and Onistositah did not understand that the white man would never stop until they had taken all the Indian hunting grounds, killed the buffalo and wild game that belonged to all the Indians, destroyed the forest lands, and tamed the wild rivers. The old chiefs were set in their ways of trust, but they had not right to sell the Indian Lands without the say of “all their people.”
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